Electric Scooter Laws and Regulations in Toronto

Electric scooters have become a popular mode of transportation in many cities around the world, and Toronto is no exception. However, with their increasing popularity comes the need for laws and regulations to ensure the safety of both riders and pedestrians. In this article, we will dive into the evolving electric scooter laws in Toronto, the current regulations, penalties for non-compliance, comparisons with other cities, and the potential for future changes. Since our company is based in Toronto, we regularly ride our own scooters and therefore have an interest as ordinary citizens in complying with public and road rules. Therefore, we decided to share important points about operating street legal electric scooters and following e-scooter laws Toronto has implemented. Our experience with thousands of customers has shown that e-scooter users typically encounter issues only when they fail to adhere to common road rules — such as running stop signs, red lights, or riding recklessly. By operating your e-scooter safely and obeying traffic regulations, you can avoid penalties and enjoy the benefits of this efficient mode of transportation.

e-scooter laws and regulations toronto

The Evolution of Electric Scooter Laws in Toronto

Over the years, the laws and regulations surrounding electric scooters in Toronto have undergone several changes. These changes have been prompted by the need to address the growing popularity of electric scooters and to ensure the safety of riders and pedestrians alike.

In the early stages, electric scooters were considered to be in a legal gray area. Riders had limited guidance regarding where they could ride, which often led to confusion. This lack of clarity resulted in an increase in accidents and injuries related to electric scooters.

Recognizing the need for more comprehensive regulations, city officials began revising the existing laws to provide riders with clearer guidelines.

One of the early regulations introduced was the requirement for riders to wear helmets while operating electric scooters. This safety measure aimed to reduce the risk of head injuries in case of accidents. Additionally, designated scooter lanes were created in popular areas of the city, providing riders with a safer space to navigate through traffic.

In recent years, Toronto has implemented several changes to electric scooter laws. These updates have focused on addressing key concerns, such as rider safety and compliance with traffic regulations.

One notable change is the introduction of age and license requirements for electric scooter riders. Previously, there were no specific age restrictions or license requirements for operating electric scooters in Toronto. However, new regulations now stipulate that riders must be at least 16 years old and possess a valid driver's license, comparable to the requirements for operating a motor vehicle.

These age and license requirements aim to ensure that riders have the necessary skills and knowledge to operate electric scooters safely. By imposing similar regulations as those for motor vehicles, Toronto aims to create a more consistent and standardized approach to scooter usage.

Another recent change is the introduction of speed limits for electric scooters. Previously, there were no specific speed restrictions in place, leading to some riders exceeding safe speeds and endangering themselves and others. To address this issue, Toronto has implemented a maximum speed limit of 25 kilometers per hour for electric scooters. This speed limit helps to promote safer riding practices and reduce the risk of accidents caused by excessive speed.

Furthermore, Toronto has also increased its efforts in educating the public about electric scooter safety. Public awareness campaigns have been launched to inform riders about the importance of following traffic rules, wearing protective gear, and being mindful of pedestrians. These campaigns aim to foster a culture of responsible scooter usage and improve overall safety on the city's streets.

In conclusion, the evolution of electric scooter laws in Toronto reflects the city's commitment to enhancing rider safety and addressing the unique challenges posed by this mode of transportation. Through the introduction of age and license requirements, speed limits, designated scooter lanes, and public awareness campaigns, Toronto aims to strike a balance between promoting the use of electric scooters and ensuring the well-being of riders and pedestrians alike.

Understanding the Current Laws

It is essential for electric scooter riders in Toronto to be aware of the current laws and regulations to ensure they are compliant and can safely navigate the city's streets. Let's explore the key aspects of the current laws.

Electric scooter do you need a license and Age Requirements?

As mentioned earlier, riders must be at least 16 years old and possess a valid driver's license to operate an electric scooter in Toronto. This electric scooter age limit ensures that riders have a basic understanding of road safety regulations and possess the necessary skills to handle an electric scooter. 


Currently, electric scooters do not require insurance in Toronto. You can read more about electric scooter insurance in Canada here!

Build & Equipment Requirements

Electric scooters can't be heavier than 45 kg and shouldn't have pedals, a seat, or a basket. Moreover, their motor power should be less than 500 watts, and they need to have working brakes and two wheels, with each wheel shorter than 17 inches in diameter. Additionally, riders are required to equip their electric scooters with functioning headlights and taillights, ensuring visibility during low light conditions. The Movin’ Glide meets all these conditions to be road-legal in Toronto.

Maximum Speed Regulation

Electric scooters in Toronto are subject to speed regulations. The maximum permitted speed for electric scooters on roadways is 24 km/h (15 mph). Moreover, the riders need to ride solo… they are not allowed to carry passengers or cargo.

Permitted E-scooter Riding Areas in Toronto

Riders can operate their electric scooters on specific city thoroughfares and designated paths. These include:
  • Roads with speed limits up to 50 km/h (31 mph)
  • Multi-use trails
  • Bike lanes

  • However, certain areas are off-limits for e-scooter use:

  • Sidewalks
  • Pedestrian crossings
  • Toronto's central district (bordered by Queen Street West, Jarvis Street, Lake Shore Boulevard, and Bathurst Street)

  • Penalties for Non-Compliance Pilot Regulations

    When operating e-scooters, riders must adhere to all e- scooter road rules outlined in the Highway Traffic Act. Failure to comply with the pilot regulation can result in significant financial penalties, ranging from $250 to $2,500.

    Fines and Legal Consequences

    If caught operating an electric scooter without a valid driver's license or while underage, riders can face substantial fines. These fines can range from a few hundred dollars to over a thousand dollars, depending on the severity of the violation.

    A Toronto Police representative highlighted in a social media post that law enforcement classifies e-scooters exceeding 24 km/h as motorcycles, requiring proper registration. Unregistered riders of such fast electric scooters risk substantial penalties, potentially reaching $25,000.

    Additionally, repeat offenders may face periods of license suspension or even the impounding of their electric scooter.


    Comparing Toronto's Laws to Other Cities

    Toronto's electric scooter laws are unique, but it is interesting to compare them to the regulations in other cities both within Canada and internationally.

    Similarities and Differences with Other Canadian Cities

    While Toronto's laws may differ slightly from those of other Canadian cities, there are many similarities. For example, most Canadian cities enforce age and license requirements for electric scooter riders to ensure road safety.

    However, the speed limits and designated areas for electric scooter riding may vary from city to city.

    International Comparisons

    Looking beyond Canada, international comparisons provide valuable insights into how different cities regulate electric scooter use. For instance, some cities have implemented stricter speed limits or imposed additional safety requirements, such as mandatory helmet use.

    Advocacy and Future Changes

    As electric scooters continue to gain popularity, various advocacy groups are pushing for further changes to Toronto's electric scooter laws. These groups emphasize the benefits of expanding electric scooter access and argue for a more comprehensive set of regulations.

    Groups Pushing for Law Changes

    Advocacy groups have been engaging with city officials to promote the benefits of electric scooters. They highlight the environmental advantages and the potential to alleviate congestion in Toronto.

    For example, one such organization, the Toronto Advisory Committee on Accessibility, has for the third time called on Toronto to impose a ban on electric scooters.

    These groups aim to shape future electric scooter regulations that strike a balance between safety, accessibility, and sustainability.

    Potential Future Regulations in Toronto

    While no specific changes have been announced, there is growing speculation about potential future regulations. Some possibilities include expanding the designated riding areas for electric scooters, revisiting speed limits, and considering additional safety measures.


    In conclusion, understanding electric scooter laws and regulations in Toronto is vital for riders to ensure both their own safety and compliance with the law. Over the years, Toronto has made significant progress in shaping these laws to address the needs of electric scooter riders and promote road safety. By adhering to the current regulations, riders can enjoy the convenience and mobility that electric scooters offer while contributing to a safer and more sustainable transportation landscape in the city. In our experience, servicing thousands of customers, e-scooter users get in trouble only when they don't follow the common rules of the road - that means running stop signs, red lights, riding recklessly etc. If you operate your e-scooter in a safe manner while obeying the rules of the road, you will not be penalized in any way. Want to try an e-scooter out? We have great e-scooter rental options available, you can check them out here

    List of documents regulating the use of electric scooters in Toronto used in this review and recommended for self-study:

    1. Electric Bicycles (E-Bikes) & E-Scooters in Toronto
    2. City of Toronto BY-LAW 1405-2019
    4. A Micromobility Strategy for Toronto